The first Bulgarian state was established on the Balkan peninsula in 681 AD, making it one of the oldest countries in Europe. Just a postage stamp of a place, it is unusually rich in variety and natural beauty for a country its size. Bulgaria boasts nine sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Bulgaria is also home to a warm, proud and sensitive people. Though they have endured many twists and turns in their long national history, the Bulgarians have defended their land and preserved their culture for centuries.
Both are treasures waiting to be explored.
This section is currently under construction, so please check back often to measure our progress.
Introduction to Bulgaria
Bulgaria is a small country located in Southeast Europe, at the heart of the Balkan Peninsula. Sofia, the capital city, is close to the geographic center of the peninsula, and the Balkan Mountains run east to west across the center of the country like a spine.
We have prepared a printable overview of Bulgaria including the major political, geographical, historical and cultural reference points for the country.
A Brief History of Bulgaria
Bulgaria traces its history as a nation state all the way back to the year 681 CE, when their leader Khan Asparuh fought the great Byzantine Empire to a standstill after two years of struggle. In return for peace between them, Byzantium granted the Bulgarians a small independent kingdom with its capital at Pliska in the eastern Balkan mountains.
Bulgarian Language and Culture
Religion in Bulgaria
Bulgaria is traditionally a Christian nation, with the Bulgarian Orthodox Church enjoying pride of place as the national church. Chapter 1, Article 13 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria identifies freedom of religion as a fundamental principle of the country. It stipulates separation of church and state and prohibits the use of religion for political ends. It specifically states that Eastern Orthodox Christianity shall be considered the traditional religion in the Republic of Bulgaria.
Religious groups are governed by the Law on Religion
while Bulgaria is committed to protecting religious freedom, and has a Directorate of Religions to oversee the activities of religious groups in Bulgaria. Registration of religious groups is mandatory, and there are strict rules concerning public religious activities and religious programs for children.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bulgaria
Islam in Bulgaria
Temperature and Precipitation Chart
Sofia | Plovdiv | Blagoevgrad | Veliko Tarnovo | Varna | Burgas
Developments and Trends
The Bulgarian Economy
Chart of Major Economic Sectors
Government and Politics
Economic and Political Trends
Economic Development Priorities
Major Trading Partners
Bulgaria and the EU
Bulgaria and NATO
Doing Business in Bulgaria
Power Structure and Hierarchy
Attitude towards Foreigners
Establishing a Business Presence in Bulgaria
Bulgarian Money, Banking and Taxes
Bulgarian Communications and Media
Telephone, Fax and Internet Services
Express and Delivery Services
Living in Bulgaria
Housing in Bulgaria
Renting versus Buying Property
How to Find Housing
Leasing and Fees
Clothing and Personal Care
Education and Schools
Driving in Bulgaria
Driving Conditions and Motor Vehicles
Driving in Cities
Purchasing a Motor Vehicle
Pets and Pet Supplies
Health and Safety
Hospitals and Clinics
Preparing for Your Journey
Regulations and Requirements
What Clothing to Take
Getting Around Bulgaria
Airline Telephone Numbers
Bus Station Telephone Numbers
Train Station Telephone Numbers
Lodging, Dining and Nightlife
Clubs and Cafes
Top 100 Tourist Sites
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Sports and Fitness
Suggested Reading about Bulgaria